The Civil War, Vol. 3: Red River to Appomattox Epub ´



10 thoughts on “The Civil War, Vol. 3: Red River to Appomattox

  1. Richard Richard says:

    Shelby Foote writes, in the afterward section of this, the third volume of his monumental history of the Civil War, how relieved he was to finally finish this labor of love after researching and writing for twenty years A literary effort begun to commemorate the centennial of the Civil War ended long after, in his description, the centennial enthusiasm had dried up True, a centennial celebration itself fizzles out, otherwise we, or rather our descendants, would never eventually get re excited Shelby Foote writes, in the afterward section of this, the third volume of his monumental history of the Civil War, how relieved he was to finally finish this labor of love after researching and writing for twenty years A literary effort begun to commemorate the centennial of the Civil War ended long after, in his description, the centennial enthusiasm had dried up True, a centennial celebration itself fizzles out, otherwise we, or rather our descendants, would never eventually get re excited about a bi and a tri and on and on centennial I m not sure Foote is implying with this statement that Civil War enthusiasm waned after the mid 1960 s, but if it took a dip, it was only temporary Thanks to Foote and others, including Ken Burns, the American Civil War continues to fascinate generations of readers.It isn t necessary to read the three volumes of Shelby Foote s The Civil War in order, but my experience from doing so imparted the feeling that I had been exposed to the whole grand majestic scope of this struggle Foote is all inclusive in his choice of the war s significant struggles His motive is revealed literally on the last page of prose page 1065 in which he states that his writing aim was to provide afitting balance than many histories provide, by showing the patient reader how the actions outside the state of Virginia, vaguely labeled as in the West , had no less importance to the war s outcome than the well known battles such as Gettysburg and Chancellorsville.Foote shows how these geographically wide pieces fit into the 1864 puzzle in his first chapter, aptly titled Another Grand Design In the spring of that year, another recently appointed Union commanding general, Ulysses Grant, launched a multi pronged attack designed to hit the Confederate forces in numerous locations ranging West to East from Arkansas to Virginia The greatest Union concentration of forces, personally accompanied by Grant, was the Army of the Potomac, which had had three years of up and down morale as various of Grant s predecessors tried to crack the nut of opposition to Robert E Lee s Army of Northern Virginia All of these various conflicts occurring on land and water are narrated by Foote, who never loses the magic touch of making you feel the gravity of the struggle between blue and butternut clad armies, while making the reading experience compelling.As we know in retrospect, the time period covered in this third volume parallels the long, painful series of events leading to the Confederate downfall Not that anyone knew for sure what the outcome would be, or when it would occur, as Grant started his spring, 1864 invasion He may have been the national hero of Donelson, Shiloh and Vicksburg in the Western theater, but he was up against the best general in the Civil War now With Grant, Lee continued his pattern of keeping his forces from being smashed by larger Union armies, while always inflicting heavier casualties against his opponent Grant found himself being set up on numerous occasions for a smashing blow from Lee which would force him to withdraw from the field he countered these sometimes surprising threats by sidling his army eastward across Virginia in a campaign we now know as The Forty Days , as violent, bloody clashes occurred from The Wilderness, to Spotsylvania and Cold Harbor Foote graphically describes the concentrated terror of one terrible day, when the struggle at the Bloody Angle at Spotsylvania involved fighting by both sides across a parapet at literally arms length, a waking nightmare going on for sixteen hours, a defense as much as it was an attack by either side, where neither victory nor defeat mattered, and fighting continued on and on, under the influence of pure adrenalin, and Slaughter became an end in itself p 221 This one day resulted in 3000 Confederate soldiers captured, killed or wounded compared with 6820 of their enemy And this day followed numerous others already involving many thousands of casualties on each side, to be followed by manyLee would somehow be able to block Grant again and again, in order to protect Richmond, the Confederate Capital The cost of constant attrition of his forces during the spring, summer and fall of that year would find the two armies facing each other outside Richmond, at Petersburg By November, Lee knew he was on the verge of calamity because his forces were spread very thin, and there were noreinforcements to be had Grant would continue to plan for the breakthrough that would send Lee s forces reeling from their intrenched positions, and it was provided by one of his most aggressive generals, Phil Sheridan, whose thrust at Five Forks on April 1st, 1865 tarnished the reputation of George Picket and began the unravelling of Lee s defenses One of the Civil War s most dramatic chapters occurred while the Confederate government abandoned Richmond, beginning its itinerant railroad journey to avoid being captured, while Lee evacuated his army westward in the long shot attempt to get the survivors of his forces to meet with General Johnston s army in North Carolina Foote shows how Lee and his exhausted army never considered giving up trying to keep the fight going until Grant s relentless pushing of his forces finally boxed in the Confederates at Appomattox Courthouse There were other Confederate forces still in the field, but Foote makes it clear how Lee s April 9th surrender gave really no alternative to the holdouts, forcing Richard Taylor to surrender his army of the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and East Louisiana to Federal General Canby, and Johnston to surrender his army of the Department of North and South Carolina and Georgia to William T Sherman Meanwhile, President Jefferson Davis was pursuing the hope of some kind of Confederate government on the run survival, moving from town to town with his cabinet, on the Danville and Richmond Railroad, as cabinet members gradually gave up the cause and bugged out of Davis retinue Foote, a Southerner sensitive to the not so sympathetic treatment given to Davis memory by historians, documents the treatment and mistreatment received by the forever unrepentant leader from his capture in Georgia, to his long, harsh imprisonment and beyond The war bestowed two legacies to Americans Regarding the first, Foote notes the struggles Abraham Lincoln had in uniting what remained of the remainder of the United States in order to militarily recover the section that had departed, living to see this goal fulfilled, but not living long enough to observe how his returning veterans realized that a nation emerged from the crucible of strife He writes They knew now they had a nation, for they had seen it they had been there, they had touched it, climbed its mountains, crossed its rivers.their comrades lay buried in its soil, along with many thousands of their own arms and legs p 1042 The second legacy directly affected the southern veterans, who would also be part of the new nation but would claim membership in a new country south of the Mason Dixon line as their claim to nationhood through secession was denied, they claimed unity through pride in enduring a terrible war, the end of which was marked by a villification of their former leaders as instruments of Lucifer, and which was followed by the societal disruptions of Reconstruction and its aftermath As Foote states Not secession but the war itself, and above all the memories recurrent through the peace that followed such as it was created a Solid South,firmly united in defeat than it had been during the brief span when it claimed independence p 1042.Why bother studying History, especially the Civil War Because, otherwise, it is impossible to understand the difference, to paraphrase Shelby Foote, between the United States are and the United States is p 1042


  2. Evan Evan says:

    I want to do thisBecause I just finished this And it makes me feel like this But then my elation is tempered and I m humbled when I remember this First off, an apology in advance I m not going to give this series of books the analysis it deserves I realize this is a generalized, low effort review but I m afraid that that s the way most of them are going to be from now on, as I have to put my mental exert I want to do thisBecause I just finished this And it makes me feel like this But then my elation is tempered and I m humbled when I remember this First off, an apology in advance I m not going to give this series of books the analysis it deserves I realize this is a generalized, low effort review but I m afraid that that s the way most of them are going to be from now on, as I have to put my mental exertions elsewhere The upshot is if you want a gripping, highly readable, comprehensive overarching view of the war, this is the place to go Is it the only place to go No But these books finally put the whole war into perspective for me, and now I can proceed tospecialized or focused treatments of particular aspects of the conflict and know where those events place into the larger picture.I don t know the actual number hours I spent on Shelby Foote s magnum opus of the American Civil War It was somewhere between 180 hours on the low end and 240 hours on the high Scaling and descending this Mount Everest of publishing which took Foote two decades to complete entailed a traversal of three brick thick volumes of 3,000 pages and 1.2 million words I kept at it relentlessly, every day, for weeks, reading the physical books, the PDFs when I was at the computer, and the Grover Gardner superbly narrated unabridged audiobooks on Playaway MP3 devices from the public library when doing other things just to keep the narrative threads going and the momentum chugging It s a credit to author Foote that, as exhausting as this exercise was, I was never bored and never reluctant to plunge right back in again and resume the tale The canvas was just too rich and vast, dramatic, horrifying, deeply moving and heart wrenching There is a place for the Dunes and the Lord of the Rings and the Game of Thrones franchises of the world of lit, with their epic labyrinthine stories of violence and quests and wars and politics But here, in these bristling and vivid pages, we have all those kinds of things in real life a vast saga of inconceivable suffering and terror, bravery and fear, irony and incongruity In so many cases, the stories of the Civil War are often stranger than fiction It s the story of the kings, the rooks, the knights and the pawns, but also of the pieces that have no place on the battlefield, who have been dragged into the fray anyway in this template of future total wars This third volume covers the titanic events of 1864 1865, with the undermanned and under provisioned Confederacy still pulling unexpected tricks from its sleeve and the Federal North finally gaining painfully won victories from its grinding attrition warfare the kind of wins where you losemen than the foe you supposedly beat Grant finally takes charge of the Union effort to bring to it the strategic uniformity it has so far lacked and to goad his martinet underlings to work in concert to pull it off The most fruitful of Grant s command allies was, of course, the fascinating William Tecumseh Sherman, the complicated, effusive and ruthless exponent of total warfare.I d previously seen documentaries and read several books on the war, but have only now come to feel the Shakespearean tragic dimension that Foote brings to his comprehensive treatment For the first time, too, I have a solid chronological grasp and moving map of the whole war in my inner mental library that I can access when placing events in context.As good as it is, there are some minor quibbles in this volume One is Foote s Southern apologist bent dismissal of the seriousness of the Fort Pillow massacre a war crime still hotly debated among Civil War buffs I chose to take his interpretation with a grain of salt and move on Another is his insertion of a soldier s diary entry stating I am killed, that apparently has never had a verified source provenance It s quite likely that Foote conjured some of his novel writing skills for the sake of drama and brevity to distill the essence into such cobbled bits of poetic license Civil War buffs of the anal retentive variety and there are quite a few of those out there will beoutraged at such things than I am These are the kind of guys who serve hardtack at Civil War reenactments and complain that the crackers aren t hard enough to break their teeth or don t have the right number of surface indentations on them They can t see the Nathan Bedford Forrest for the trees, if you will Sorry, just had to What really struck me, too, while reading these volumes was the stubborn vehemence and faith based intransigence of the Southern cause and its adherents So many of the things they said and did in the face of contradictory facts have the same delusional qualities as the stuff peddled by today s elites and their Republican political minions, fomenting strife and tearing the common civil fabric with their political Southern Strategy of the last several decades basically stirring up the same kind of partisan nonsense and divisional hatreds that the country had once successfully buried And now we have half the country at each other s necks again Divide and conquer and follow the money, folks History repeats, as we know, and it helps to understand the particulars, the context and the continuum.What one feels, ultimately, after reading these behemoth books is an overwhelming sense of the sheer suffering this war caused A sense, I say, because to put it any other way would be presumptuous and even insulting Reading about these things in the comfort of your own home is a world away from what these men and women went through It s a testament to these books, I think, to say that I d love to dive right into them again in a heartbeat and spend another 200 hours with them.If you re lucky enough to obtain them and have the time to do so, these volumes will provide one of the most rewarding reading experiences of your lifetime kr eg 2019Credits Civil War graveyard photo was taken at Cave Hill Cemetery, Louisville, KY my hometown and is attributed to TripAdvisor and credited as required Old soldiers photo is attributed to Associated Press and used on a fair use comment educational basis.


  3. Stephen Stephen says:

    Great sense of achievement after finally completing this series Volume 1 took me most of February, Volume 2 April and now Volume 3 June I now feel somewhat of an expert on the US Civil War from knowing almost nothing before I read Rebel Yell The Violence, Passion, and Redemption of Stonewall Jackson which set off my interest in the subject and started me on this series It is a big commitment as all three books were 800 pages and this one was over 1,000 but it is definitely worth the effort Great sense of achievement after finally completing this series Volume 1 took me most of February, Volume 2 April and now Volume 3 June I now feel somewhat of an expert on the US Civil War from knowing almost nothing before I read Rebel Yell The Violence, Passion, and Redemption of Stonewall Jackson which set off my interest in the subject and started me on this series It is a big commitment as all three books were 800 pages and this one was over 1,000 but it is definitely worth the effort I don t think you can properly understand America today without knowing this part of their history.My only criticism is that the books are so thorough that although the parts about the main characters such as Lincoln, Grant, Sherman for the North and Davis, Lee, Jackson for the South are absolutely fascinating, the myriad of other characters make it quite a long slog at times But for that I would give the whole series 5 stars Highly recommended.Next stop Ron Chernow s book on Ulysses S Grant Grant


  4. Jim Jim says:

    I have spend most of the last three weeks reading the 1,100 odd pages of Shelby Foote s The Civil War Volume III Red River to Appomattox I had mislaid the book for several years and was so delighted when I found it behind other books on a shelf that I began reading it at once.Unlike most of the other major histories of the Civil War, Foote s 3 volume series is written from he point of view of the Confederacy I do not mean to imply that his history is biased Rather, it covers the same ground I have spend most of the last three weeks reading the 1,100 odd pages of Shelby Foote s The Civil War Volume III Red River to Appomattox I had mislaid the book for several years and was so delighted when I found it behind other books on a shelf that I began reading it at once.Unlike most of the other major histories of the Civil War, Foote s 3 volume series is written from he point of view of the Confederacy I do not mean to imply that his history is biased Rather, it covers the same ground from a different viewpoint that most Northern versions do not and cannot have On the last page of this volume, he writes Perhaps in closing I might add that, although nowhere along the line have I had a thesis to argue or maintain partly no doubt because I never saw one yet that could not be proved, at least to the satisfaction of the writer who advanced it I did have one thing I wanted to do, and that was to restore a balance I found lacking in nearly all the histories composed within a hundred years of Sumter In all too many of those works, long and short, foreign and domestic, the notion prevailed that the War was fought in Virginia, while elsewhere in an admittedly large but also rather empty region known vaguely as the West a sort of running skirmish wobbled back and forth, presumably in a way for its participants, faceless men with unfamiliar names, to pass the time while waiting for the issue to be settled in the East.Foote was true to his plan, and his history takes us from Sumter to Palmito Ranch, the last battle of the War, near Brownsville, Texas.This is a great history and a very long one But it is told well by a master historian


  5. Chris Chris says:

    The last in Shelby Foote s Civil War trilogy, this one covers spring of 1864 through the end of the war Foote s trilogy is a good reference for those who are looking for a thorough, sequential narration of the events of the Civil War The series does not step back and analyze the events, so you don t really ever get a sense of the bigger picture or what the pivotal moments of the conflict were These 3 volumes are a play by play, mostly of the battles, but also cover some of the politics in bot The last in Shelby Foote s Civil War trilogy, this one covers spring of 1864 through the end of the war Foote s trilogy is a good reference for those who are looking for a thorough, sequential narration of the events of the Civil War The series does not step back and analyze the events, so you don t really ever get a sense of the bigger picture or what the pivotal moments of the conflict were These 3 volumes are a play by play, mostly of the battles, but also cover some of the politics in both Washington and Richmond I found it valuable in that it helped me gain an understanding of the overall flow of the war and how the events unfolded


  6. Matt Brady Matt Brady says:

    towards the end of this massive trilogy foote shows a bitof a sensitivity towards certain issues that he was maybeignorant of when he started in the course of writing this series, foote lived through the civil rights era in the south, and i think it shows, particular in his comments about the awful failures of reconstruction or maybe im just searching for things to validate why i enjoyed this series so much, which i did, despite foote s flaws and obvious sympathies for the confeder towards the end of this massive trilogy foote shows a bitof a sensitivity towards certain issues that he was maybeignorant of when he started in the course of writing this series, foote lived through the civil rights era in the south, and i think it shows, particular in his comments about the awful failures of reconstruction or maybe im just searching for things to validate why i enjoyed this series so much, which i did, despite foote s flaws and obvious sympathies for the confederate cause i think it is very much worth reading i doubt you ll find a better,detailed narrative of the war from beginning to end, and as long a you keep a critical eye towards the author s biases i think there s a lot of value to a work like this


  7. Christopher Christopher says:

    Amazing Stupendous Incredibly enjoyable Shelby Foote finishes his mammoth three volume narrative of the American Civil War with amazing erudition and, at times, passionate prose Despite it being longer in length than his two predecessors, Foote manages to balance his switching from fast battle narrative to slow detail bogged passages better than the first two volumes He also has some of the best and most moving chronicles out of all the volumes in this one volume Of particular note are the Amazing Stupendous Incredibly enjoyable Shelby Foote finishes his mammoth three volume narrative of the American Civil War with amazing erudition and, at times, passionate prose Despite it being longer in length than his two predecessors, Foote manages to balance his switching from fast battle narrative to slow detail bogged passages better than the first two volumes He also has some of the best and most moving chronicles out of all the volumes in this one volume Of particular note are the fight in the bloody angle at the battle of Spotsylvania, a full account of Lincoln s last day and final moments, and a few pages at the end describing the feelings that some of the soldiers had at the ending of the war just before he ends the book about what Jefferson Davis did after the war which is easily recognizable to any fan of Ken Burn s documentary of the Civil War As with the other volumes though, this should not be read if you do not have the longevity and endurance necessary to read it and without having read the previous two volumes first But, if you do, then you will have gained a greater appreciation for what Mr Foote calls THE central event in American history, if not in world history


  8. Pedro Pedro says:

    What a great conclusion to this narrative Shelby Foote did such a great job keeping the narration balanced on both sides, and engaging The combination of the three books is rather lengthy, and had I spent the time to review the maps at the same time, I probably would have enjoyed it even .Even as it was being narrated, I found the ending of this pivotal war to be bittersweet, and I genuinely felt sorry for the south I loved this quote from Ulysses S Grant at the surrender of Robert E Le What a great conclusion to this narrative Shelby Foote did such a great job keeping the narration balanced on both sides, and engaging The combination of the three books is rather lengthy, and had I spent the time to review the maps at the same time, I probably would have enjoyed it even .Even as it was being narrated, I found the ending of this pivotal war to be bittersweet, and I genuinely felt sorry for the south I loved this quote from Ulysses S Grant at the surrender of Robert E Lee s army, I felt like anything rather than rejoicing at the downfall of a foe who had fought so long and valiantly, and had suffered so much for a cause, though that cause was, I believe, one of the worst for which a people ever fought The ingenuity displayed by the South was remarkable, but the sheer power and numbers of the North was ultimately their undoing It s fascinating that such a significant event in America s history barely tookthan four years


  9. Alex Alex says:

    Shelby Foote s Narrative is sometimes called the American Illiad, and that name fits well for a war saga that is nearly endless, seamlessly blends history and mythology, glows from the page with epic and overblown language Foote also shares Homer s focus on particular hero characters and their duels, though unlike Hector and Achilles these champions are presidents and commanding officers rather than superhuman warriors I didn t realize until near the end of this final segment, when the fin Shelby Foote s Narrative is sometimes called the American Illiad, and that name fits well for a war saga that is nearly endless, seamlessly blends history and mythology, glows from the page with epic and overblown language Foote also shares Homer s focus on particular hero characters and their duels, though unlike Hector and Achilles these champions are presidents and commanding officers rather than superhuman warriors I didn t realize until near the end of this final segment, when the final chapter about Jefferson Davis titled Lucifer in Starlight gave away the game, that it s also America s Paradise Lost, an explanation and apologia for the rebellion itself and for its chieftain, whose reputation has not been as thoroughly resurrected and burnished as those of the Confederacy s mere military leaders and soldiers For myself, I couldn t help but laugh at the martyr treatment Davis received through his imprisonment and brief but humiliating shackeling and separation from his family Perhaps if the cruel Union commander had also had him whipped and sold his children down the river .Shelby Foote is no Lost Causer, freely admitting that the South lost fair and square and at least gently mocking those who see it otherwise Nor does he deny the centrality of slavery to the causes of the war, even as he generally whitewashes this chapter of American history whose public understanding he shaped in the middle and late 20th Century He does, however, by omission and commission, seek to exonerate some of the Confederacy s most evil men, such as Henry Wirz, the commandant of the nightmarish Andersonville prison, Nathan Bedford Forrest, one of the most talented military leaders in US history but also the mass murderer exonerated unconvincingly by Foote of surrendering Colored United States Soldiers and the founder ignored by Foote of the Ku Klux Klan In fact, the Klan doesn t exist in Foote s telling of the fall of Reconstruction, which he blames squarely on President Grant s supposedly weak and corrupt administration Ron Chernow s new book Grant addresses this historical conventional wisdom from the perspective of an actual historian and not at all on Southern white supremacist terrorism Foote loves the soldiers and the men who led them, militarily and politically, on both sides of the divide between The United States of America and The South The same talent for storytelling and anecdote that makes his part in Ken Burns documentary so rich, and which might oddly enough be a bit Lincolnian, shines through His writing, which often matches sentences and paragraphs, is endearing though ultimately tedious, and gives an air of the 19th Century with its famously convoluted and pompous language But Foote s drive is to exonerate the white south, and particularly those of its leaders who found temporary success at statecraft or on the battlefield, and that rankles the modern eye with its fuller appreciation for the horrors of slavery that the Confederacy s successes prolonged and its leaders grew rich from As the title makes clear, this is narrative rather than documented history There s no reason to read it if you haven t read the first two sections, and no reason to read them at all unless you re deeply interested in how white southerners see the war But as an oral history put in writing, Shelby s Narrative is a monument to how white southerners those not wallowing in Lost Causism or open white supremacy tend to remember the war


  10. Kevan Dale Kevan Dale says:

    What an experience it s been to read this complete narrative very much a high point in my love of in depth history The real payoff of Foote s outstanding portrayal and presentation of the American Civil War comes in this final volume, for all that I adore the two previous books Having lived with the primary players Lincoln, Grant, Sherman, Lee, Davis, Longstreet, etc throughout the explosive first years of the war, painted so vividly by Foote s eye for the telling details of character, by his What an experience it s been to read this complete narrative very much a high point in my love of in depth history The real payoff of Foote s outstanding portrayal and presentation of the American Civil War comes in this final volume, for all that I adore the two previous books Having lived with the primary players Lincoln, Grant, Sherman, Lee, Davis, Longstreet, etc throughout the explosive first years of the war, painted so vividly by Foote s eye for the telling details of character, by his exacting tracing of the tides of battle, by the clear eyed examination of the political and personal burdens borne by these leaders, the culmination of the war rings with the thrill, drama, and pathos worthy of such decisive human events While history, it s said, is biography, Foote places the lives of these individuals and the lives of those who fought the battles, bore the horrors of slavery, tore up the railways and cut the telegraph wires, steered public opinion and political will, mourned the dead in a context that underscores his understanding of the Civil War as the pivotal event in the story of America The beauty of Foote s writing left startling impressions with me, so deftly did he bring the sweep of the war to life Dawn breaking over a crossroads as an army pushes through the end of a long night march The chaos of a naval bombardment Richmond smoldering The terror of those in front of Sherman s army I thrilled at the nuanced, strained minuet in the parlor of the McLean house in Appomattox Court House I wept in Ford s Theatre A magnificent historical narrative


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The Civil War, Vol. 3: Red River to Appomattox ❴Read❵ ➵ The Civil War, Vol. 3: Red River to Appomattox Author Shelby Foote – Liversite.co.uk American Civil War WikipediaCivil War Causes, Dates Battles HISTORY The Civil War in the United States began in , after decades of simmering tensions between northern and southern states over slavery, American Civil War WikipediaCivil War, Vol. PDF ´ War Causes, Dates Battles HISTORY The Civil War in the United States began in , after decades of simmering tensions between northern and southern states over slavery, states rights and The Civil PDF or westward expansion The election of American Civil War Causes, Definition, History, American Civil War, four year war fought between the United States andSouthern states that seceded to form the Confederate States of America It arose Civil War, Vol. Kindle Õ out of disputes over slavery and states rights When antislavery candidate Abraham Lincoln was elected president, the The Civil Wars groupe Wikipdia The Civil Wars est un duo amricain compos des chanteurs compositeurs Joy Williams et John Paul White Ils se sont rencontrs Nashville, Tennessee enAprs avoir sorti un album live et quatre EP, ils sortent leur premier album complet, Barton Hollow, enLe groupe remporte trois Grammy Awards pour quatre nominations A Brief Overview of the American Civil WarThe American Civil War Facts, Events andThe Civil War CoffretDVD ARTE Boutique Rcit d une guerre civile qui dchira un pays et forgea une nation Par l auteur de THE WAR, une fresque magistrale en neuf pisodes qui fit vnement en Amrique History of the American Civil War The US American Civil War was the greatest war in American historymillion fought , paid the ultimate price for freedom And a war for freedom it was The desire for freedom traveled deeper than the color of skin and farther than the borders of any state There are hundreds of thousands of pages of information available through this site Peruse the Official Record of the war, checkWhat Were the TopCauses of the Civil War At the start of the Civil War, at leastmillion enslaved peoplewere forced to live and work on the southern plantations In contrast, industry ruled the economy of the north and less emphasis was on agriculture, though even that wasdiverse.